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Climate Talk: GreenHydrogen4Future

On 15 December 2021, the German Embassy in collaboration with Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the Indo-German Energy Forum (IGEF) organized a Climate Talk on "Green Hydrogen for the Future" in hybrid form. Both Germany and India have high ambitions in the field of green hydrogen (H2), especially regarding its development as means to drive the energy transition in both countries and the mitigation of factors contributing to climate change. The event marks the final climate talk within the diplomatic year of climate change and environment.

Introductory remarks on the topic were made by Dr. Stephan Hesselmann and Ms. Antje Berger, both representing the Germany Embassy in New Delhi, India. They invited Dr. Winfried Damm, Cluster Coordinator of the Indo-German Energy Programme of GIZ to the stage for the first presentation. Dr. Damm talked about the important role that Green Hydrogen plays to reach net neutrality and the corresponding measures already underway to foster continued development of a green hydrogen economy. He foresees Germany to remain a net importer of energy and highlighted its High interest in sourcing green hydrogen from around the world, with India currently able to achieve the lowest costs worldwide by 2030. In an attempt to support developers and producers in the green hydrogen industry, he pointed to the funding programs issues by the German Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action: H2Global and H2UPP, offering up to a 15 Milion Euro grant per green H2, Ammonia, or Methanol project.


Ms. Vibha Dhawan, Director General at The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), followed with the second presentation. She emphasized the important role of hydrogen to cope with future energy demands. In consequence, the Indian Ministry for New and Renewable Energies (MNRE) is envisioning for India to become an international hub for the production and export of green hydrogen. With the support of TERI, MNRE is currently preparing to launch a "National Hydrogen Mission" that covers all aspects of a hydrogen economy including storage, research and development, as well as policy initiatives. Offering an additional glance into the markets' future, Ms. Dhawan pointed out that demand for green hydrogen will be five times higher by 2050, while its production costs will reduce significantly and may fall to 2 Dollars per Kilogram instead of the current price of 4 Dollars. In order to develop this green H2 ecosystem, she emphasized the importance of partnerships among actors along the green hydrogen value chain on domestic and international scale. Stating that "Climate has no boundaries", she opted for strong international collaboration and the strong partnership between Germany and India.

Ms. Anandi Iyer, Director at Fraunhofer Office India, continued with a presentation about state of the art project developments in green hydrogen. Fraunhofer covers a holistic approach to grasp the entire value-chain in green H2 production and is installing pilot projects in Freiburg, Germany, such as the "Solar Hydrogen Refuelling Station", or the "Hydrogen Injection Plant, a multi-level control systems that allows testing of H2 . Additional research efforts are directed at the combination of solar and green hydrogen production, as a bankable H2 yield report is being prepared to promote financial reliance on H2 projects. Ms. Iyer stressed that Fraunhofer is actively looking for Indian partners to collaborate on pilot projects in green hydrogen.

Mr. Amar Singh, Chief Manager at Siemens Energy India, elaborated on the technology for green hydrogen in India and the world.  Siemens Energy is developing and deploying pilot projects that focus on the role of green H2 as an alternative fuel with the ability to decarbonize on the one hand, and the ability of H2 production for scaling up renewable energies on the other. With strong growth of around 30 percent of renewables in the power sector itself, its share in non-power sectors such as transport and building lays only at 10 percent. With that, Mr. Singh underlined that the key lever for decarbonization of all end-user sectors is "sector coupling". In consequence, it is important to take green electrons from the power sector and use them as green fuel of the non-power sector. There exists a multitude of opportunities to convert renewables to green hydrogen, for instance solar electricity that can be used via electrolysis for green H2. Such scale-up development is important to cover the future demand and to drive the economies of scale. Mr. Singh concluded his presentation with the "Haru Oni Pilot" - an integrated plant for climate friendly E-fuels. In this pilot, wind energy is used for the development of H2 and then synthesing it for methanol prodcution, which is in turn sent to Europe to be used as auto mobile fuel.
The final speaker of the event, Mr. Anish Paunwala from Linde India, talked about the great potential of India in the clean hydrogen business. While the country has a strong standing in the international market now, last mile connectivity and scale-based production are very important factors to become successful in the future. Germany and India will be required to go hand in hand in terms of technology paired with product development and application. The event was concluded with the invitation of participants to share questions and opinions, followed by a vegan buffet at the embassy.

Download the report Status Quo Mapping of Hydrogen Production and Consumption in India

Download the report Strategy Road-Map for Deployment of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Public Transport Buses in Kerala, India

Ms. Antje Berger during her welcome remarks with Dr. Stephan Hesselmann, and Ms. Vibha Dawan and Ms. Anandi Iyer

Ms. Antje Berger during her welcome remarks with Dr. Stephan Hesselmann, and Ms. Vibha Dawan and Ms. Anandi Iyer

Ms. Anish Paunwala during his presentation

Ms. Anish Paunwala during his presentation

Dr. Winfried Damm during his presentation

Dr. Winfried Damm during his presentation

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